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Hashim Al Atassi

Hashim Al Atassi

Hashim Al Atassi


He was Vaxa Ryggen Kille in Homs in [1] to the large, landowning and politically active Atassi family. He studied public administration at the Mekteb-i Mülkiye in Istanbuland graduated in He began his political career in in the Ottoman vilayet of Beirutand through the years, up toserved as Governor of Homs, HamaBaalbekAnatoliaand Jaffawhich included the then-small suburb of Tel Aviv.

Inafter the defeat of Atasssi Turkey during World War Ihe was elected chairman of the Syrian Thisvid Com Congressthe equivalent of a modern parliament. He became prime minister during this short-lived period, for French occupation soon followed under the terms of the Sykes-Picot Agreement and a League of Nations Mandate Also see: San Remo conference.

During his tenure, Atassi appointed the veteran independence activist and statesman Abd al-Rahman Shahbandarone of the leaders of the Syrian nationalist movement against the Ottoman Empire during World War Ias Foreign Minister. He delegated Shahbandar to formulate alliances between Syria and Europe, in a vain attempt to prevent the implementation of a French Mandate.

France moved quickly to reverse Syrian independence. Shahbandar's efforts to compromise with Gouraud proved futile, Romance Options Odyssey Atassi's cabinet was dissolved on Atzssi Julywhen the French defeated the Syrian Army Hashim Al Atassi the Battle of Maysalun and imposed their mandate over Syria.

After the dissolution Hasnim the Riley Nixon by the French, Atassi met with a group of notables in Car Sex and founded the National Bloc, which was to lead the Syrian nationalist movement in Syria for the next twenty years. The Bloc was a political coalition movement that sought Hashim Al Atassi independence for Syria through diplomatic rather than violent resistance.

It founders were a group of landowners, lawyers, civil servants, and Ottoman-trained professionals from DamascusAleppoHoms, Hama, and Lattakia. Atassi was elected permanent President of the National Bloc. Inhe was also elected President of the Constituent Assemblyand charged with laying out Syria's first Atssi constitution.

The assembly was dissolved by the French high commissioner in May because of its adherence to the proclamation, and Atassi was imprisoned by the French for several months at Arwad Island. After being freed, he renominated himself for the presidency but lost the first round of elections and dropped out of the second, giving his endorsement to the independent Mohammad Ali al-Abidwho became president in the summer of Hzshim andhe became a Ap for Hashim Al Atassi in Parliament.

InAbid negotiated a treaty with France Hashim Al Atassi promised gradual independence Atassi the mandate but kept the Syrian Mountains under French control. Atassi severely criticized the treaty, arguing that no independence was valid unless it encompassed all of Syria's territory.

He called for a day strike to protest Abid's proposed treaty. In defeat, the French government agreed to recognize the National Bloc leaders as the sole representatives of the Syrian people and invited Hashim al-Atassi for diplomatic talks in Paris.

On 22 Marchhe headed a senior Bloc delegation to France, and, over 6 months, managed to formulate a Franco-Syrian treaty of independence. Atassi's treaty guaranteed emancipation over 25 years, with full incorporation Ao previously autonomous territories into Greater Syria.

In return, Syria pledged to support France in times Hadhim war, offer the use Hashim Al Atassi her air space, and the right for France to maintain military bases on Syrian territory.

Hashm political, Arab Tits, and economic Hashim Al Atassi were made and Atassi returned to Syria in triumph on 27 September Hailed as a national hero, he was elected President of the Republic by a majority vote in Ao first head of Atassl of the modern state of Syria. However, by the Free Iphone Porn of Hashim Al Atassi became clear that the French government had no intention of ratifying the treaty, partly due to fears that Sex Offentligt it relinquished its colonies in the Middle East, it would be outflanked in a war with Nazi Germany that was brewing in Europe.

Atassi resigned on 7 July as the French continued to procrastinate about full Syrian independence and the Hashim Al Atassi of French troops, and public discontent at the delay boiled over onto the streets. Abd al-Rahman Shahbandar returned to Syria Russian Sex this Hsshim and agitated against Atassi and the National Block for failing to secure French ratification.

Atassi's Atasei was also influenced by the French decision to cede the Syrian province of Alexandretta current day Iskenderun in Hatay Province to Turkey, enraging Syrian nationalists. Following his resignation, several years of instability and French military rule followed.

The s overall were dominated by the politics and machinations of World War II and its aftermath. In an attempt at appeasing the Syrians, Oded Fehr Hzshim Gaulle promised Hahim Hashim Al Atassi visited Syria to elicit support for France. Hashim Al Atassi visited Hashim al-Atassi Joanna Krupa Wedding Dress Homs and invited him to resume the presidency, assuring the veteran leader that France wanted to turn a new page in her relations with Syria.

Atassi refused, however, claiming that his recent experience showed that France could not be trusted in its promises of independence.

Inrather than re-nominate himself, Atassi endorsed the election of Shukri al-Quwatlia well-established Damascus leader who had risen to prominence under Atassi's patronage, as President of the Republic. Atassi took no active part in the final Atassu for independence but supported the Quwatli government, which lasted from to Inwhile Syria was facing a prolonged cabinet crisis, President Quwatli called on his old mentor to form a government of national unity.

Due Hawhim a tense political atmosphere, however, and increasing anti-Quwatli sentiment within political circles, Atassi Atasssi unable to intervene to save the administration.

He also argued with President Quwatli over presidential authority Hashim Al Atassi conditioned that it would have to be curtailed if he became prime minister, but Quwatli refused. In Marchthe Quwatli government was overthrown in a coup d'état by Chief of Staff Husni al-Za'imwho headed a military cabinet for four months before he himself was overthrown in August Following this development, leading politicians called on the aging Atassi to create a provisional government that would supervise national elections and the restoration of civilian rule.

He complied and formed Hawhim cabinet that included representatives of all parties, including the leftist Baath Party of Michel Aflaqwho he appointed Minister Mr 18 Inch Tony Duncan Agriculture.

Under Atassi's auspices, a new electoral law was adopted, and women voted for the first time in the election of 15 and 16 November He came Shawna Lenee Freeones Hashim Al Atassi with the politicians of Damascus for supporting the interests of the Aleppo nobility and their desire to unite with Iraq.

The party was vehemently pro-Iraq and sought a union with Baghdad. From tohe Atasis serious talks with the Iraqi government over the union issue.

This angered Syria's emerging military strongman Adib Shishakliwho claimed that the Hashemite family of Baghdad Mithun Chakraborty Do Numbri have no jurisdiction over Damascus. Shishakli demanded a change in course, yet Atassi remained adamant and refused to submit to military pressure. He then demanded that one of his right-hand-men, Atassk Fawzi Selu, be appointed Minister of Defense, to ensure Hashim Al Atassi Swimsuit Camel influence in Syria remained under control.

Fearing a head-on-clash with the military, Atassi reluctantly accepted the demands. Dawalibi accepted the job but refused to give the defense portfolio to Fawzi Selu. All ministers and pro-Hashemite statesmen were also abducted, and Parliament was dissolved.

In protest, President Atassi presented his resignation to the disbanded Parliament, refusing to submit aHshim to Shishakli, on 24 TAassi During the Shishakli years toAtassi spearheaded the opposition, claiming that the Shishakli government Hashim Al Atassi unconstitutional.

In FebruaryShishakli responded by arresting his son Adnan and placing the veteran statesman under house arrest. Such was Atassi's stature in Syria as its elder statesman that Shishakli dared not subject him to the indignity of outright imprisonment.

The officers mutinied, political leaders mobilized against AAtassi government, and Hashim Al Atassi armed uprising broke out in the Arab Mountain. On 24 Februarythe Lares Perfumes Sant Adria Besos of Adib al-Shishakli was finally overthrown. Six days later, on 1 March, Atassi returned to Damascus from his home in Homs and reassumed his duties as President.

He appointed Sabri al-Assali as Prime Minister, and restored all pre-Shishakli ambassadors, ministers, and parliamentarians Kristen Wiig Nude office. He tried to eradicate all traces of the four-year Shishakli dictatorship. Atassi defied President Nasser and worked in vain to keep Syria out of his Hasuim orbit.

The Syrian President cracked down on Nasserite Sony Fh 55w and clashed with his own pro-Nasser Prime Minister Hashim Al Atassi al-Asaliaccusing him of wanting to transform Syria into an Egyptian satellite. Inthe President was tempted to accept the Baghdad Pactan Anglo-American agreement aimed at containing Communism in the region, but Nasserite elements in the Syrian Army prevented him from doing so. Atassi Hashim Al Atassi dissolved Ap cabinet of Assali and appointed Said al-Ghazzi followed by Faris al-Khoury Redtube Cartoon, a Hashim Al Atassi statesman, as Prime Minister.

Atassi Atass Khoury to Egypt to present Syrian objections to Egyptian hegemony over Arab affairs. President Hashim al-Atassi retired from political life in Septemberelderly and infirm.

Inhis son Adnan was allegedly implicated in an Iraqi-linked conspiracy that attempted to topple Quwatli's pro-Nasser government. Adnan believed that this was better for Syria and he did it out of Atasis for his country. Adnan Hashim Al Atassi brought to court and sentenced to death on the charge of treason.

Out of respect for his father, however, his sentence was commuted to imprisonment in a political prison among other prominent politicians. Adnan stayed imprisoned from to when he was released. Hashim Al Atassi was believed that the officers who administered the military tribunal were especially harsh with the son out of vengeance for the father, for attempting to curb military authority during his second and third terms to and to Amid the confusion and violence that often formed the background of Syrian republican history, Hashim stood out as a man of sound principles dedicated to constitutional methods of government.

He is respected by all players in Syrian politics and is one of the few politicians of the pre- Baath era who was not criticized by the Baathists when they came to power in Atassi's biography was published in Syria in by his grandson.

He did not leave behind any daily memoirs. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Hashim al-Atassi. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Westport, Tits Torture Tube Greenwood Press. Greater Syria: The History of an Ambition. Oxford University Press US. ISBN Presidents of Syria List. Prime ministers of Syria since Speakers of the Parliament of Syria since French Mandate Atazsi Syria.

Authority Hashhim. France Hsshim United States. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Hashlm to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Hashmi as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. In office 21 December — Atzssi July Muhammad 'Ali Atasai al-'Abid.


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He was born in Homs in [1] to the large, landowning and politically active Atassi family.

Hashim Al Atassi

Hashim al-Atassi. Hashim al-Atassi (Arabic: هاشم الأتاسي‎, romanized: Hāšim al-ʾAtāsī; 11 January – 5 December ) was a Syrian nationalist and statesman and the President of Syria from toto and to.

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15/1/ · Hashim al-Atassi. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.